March 15, 2017
Dr. Thomas W. Cline, consumer psychologist and professor of marketing and statistics at Saint Vincent College’s Alex G. McKenna School of Business, Economics and Government, co-authored an article about music therapy intervention which was published in Issues in Mental Health Nursing. The title of the article is “Music Therapy as a Nonpharmacological Intervention for Anxiety in Patients with a Thought Disorder.”
“This was a rigorous quality improvement study which involved non-medical treatment of patients with thought disorders,” Cline commented. “Music therapy temporarily reduced the stress of our patients without the use of medications, seclusions and restraints.”
“Music therapy has been identified as a non-pharmacological adjunct therapy to treat anxiety,” Cline continued. “This QI project aimed to assess the effects of music therapy on anxiety in a sample of patients hospitalized with a thought disorder. Participants were assessed pre- and post-group using a visual analog scale for anxiety. The intervention significantly reduced VAS scores from 3.1 pre-intervention to .897 immediately post-intervention (p = 0.008). This data suggests that music therapy may be beneficial in the short term for this population and is a low risk intervention that provides positive outcomes without the risks associated with medications, seclusion and restraint.”
In addition to Cline, the other authors include Allison Pavlov of UPMC Palliative Care and Psycho-oncology Department; Kirstyn Kameg of Robert Morris University School of Nursing and Health Sciences; Laurel Chiapetta of Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of UPMC; Stacy Stark of Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of UPMC; and Ann Mitchell of the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing Health and Community Systems Department.
Photo: Dr. Thomas W. Cline
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